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30% Ruling: special tax regime for expats

30% rulingThe Netherlands has a special tax regime for expatriates, the so-called 30% ruling, which provides a substantial income tax exemption of up to 30%, for a period of up to 120 months. This is viewed as a reimbursement for the extra costs involved in living abroad.

More information

Gerrit-Jan Doorneweerd, registered Pension Advisor,
Amsterdam, +31 (0)20 6200825
Mobile, 0651 471 9 – six – five. (Also in the evening and weekends.)
Please give me a call

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English, pension-netherlands

An important decision: when to retire?

munten bruinEmployees normally retire at the age of 67. They can choose to retire earlier or later, perhaps while continuing to work part-time, or to exchange the dependant’s pension for a higher retirement pension or vice versa. The options depend on your pension regulations.

The three parts of a retirement plan. Retirement plan is a term that covers a set of financial arrangements providing your employee with an income upon retirement. A retirement plan generally consists of three parts:

  1. A statutory state pension: from the age of 65, everyone who lives in the Netherlands receives a state pension under the General Old Age Pensions Act (Algemene Ouderdomswet AOW).
  2. An employer-sponsored retirement pension: under the administration of a pension insurer, the contributions paid by you and taken from your employee’s paycheck accrue to the retirement benefit of your employee. They provide information on the target pension and accrued value in the annual uniform pension statement (UPO).
  3. A supplementary pension: your employee may have made private arrangements to supplement his pension through savings, investments or an annuity from an insurance company.
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English, pension-netherlands

An employee reaches retirement age – 4 steps

draaitrapStep 1
Six months before retirement, an employee will receive a letter from the pensioninsurer of pensionfund containing:

Step 2
An employee provides the pensioninsurer of pensionfund with:

Step 3
The pensioninsurer of pensionfund carries out the administration.
Theu process the information supplied and determine the final entitlement.

Step 4
The pension insurer of pensionfund makes the initial pension payment to your employee in accordance with the pension regulations.

Tip: It can be profitable for an employee to combine different pensions and annuities. 

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English, pension-advice

Risks and your pension

toetsenbord met koptelefoonThe amount of your pension is not fixed and may change. In addition to changes in your private or work situation, there are also developments which are outside your control. These developments can affect the amount of your pension. We would like to explain these risks and their influence on your pension to you.

Inflation risk
Inflation decreases the value of money each year. This also applies to your pension. Think about it: you can buy less with €100 than you could ten years ago. Therefore your pension loses some of its purchasing power. You may think now that your pension will be sufficient, but be aware that your pension will lose some of its purchasing power due to inflation.

Investment risk
Your pension may (partly) be used for investments. Investing is never without risk: at this moment you do not yet know the final value of your investments. Depending on the choices made by your employer, you yourself can decide how much risk you want to take. This allows you to determine your own risk profile.

Interest risk
Are you about to retire? The pension amount you will receive does not only depend on the value of the investments, but also on the interest rates at that time. The lower the interest rate at that time, the lower the pension will be.

Longevity risk
Are you about to retire? The pension amount you will receive does not only depend on the value of the investments, but also on the life expectancy of the Dutch population. People are living longer and therefore receive pension for a longer period of time. The pension will be lower because we have to use the same amount of money to pay out your pension for a longer period of time.

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English, pension-netherlands

30% ruling pension benefits The Netherlands

Pension accrual and the 30% rule (30 percent ruling) for expats

If certain conditions are met, expatriates may be eligible for the 30% rule. This arrangement means that there is a tax-free allowance which will be given up to 30% of wages. The tax free fee is for the extra cost of the temporary residence of the expat in the Netherlands. This allowance is tax not paid.

In principle you usually do not build up pension on the tax-free reimbursement of the 30% rulers. The pension benefits granted by your employer are based on your taxable salary; thus lower since the “top” is taken off as a tax free reimbursement.

The main rule is that the 30% reimbursement gives no accrual pension.

However there are two exceptions:
1. Incoming employees accruing pension over the 30% rule with an initial accrual pension prior to July 1, 2002. The pension may be continued until the end date of the existing approval of the tax authorities with the relevant employer. This exception applies until July 1, 2012 (or earlier termination date of 30% Decision);
2. If exchange of remuneration components held under a cafeteria plan.

Comment
Due to the 70% level of pension salary the widows and orphans pensions are also 30% lower. This gap is easily compensated with a private life insurance.

If you think I might be able to help you of your business
Gerrit-Jan Doorneweerd, registered Pension Advisor,
Amsterdam, +31 (0)20 6200825
Mobile, 0651 471 9 – six – five. (Also in the evening and weekends.)
Please give me a call

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English, pension-advice

How to start a pension scheme in the Netherlands?

‘With which parameters are pension scheme(s) managed?’

For the aspects of pension management, we will only focus on pillar 2 the employee benefits. There are a number of parameters that can be used to influence the retirement provision. The first are parameters with respect to the pension scheme. Secondly, execution parameters can be used to influence the level of the retirement provision.

Parameters for a pension scheme 

The level of a pension depends on a number of parameters. These parameters can be seen as ‘controls’ that can be adjusted, and include:

Pension commitments are agreed between employer and employees. In the Netherlands organizations of employers and sometimes unions make the agreements together with AFM-registered pension advisors.

After the agreement has been made, the contract will be executed by pension institutions, like insurers or pension funds. The pension institutions do have influence on the aspects listed above. All these aspects affect the final pension to be achieved.

Contribution affects the active members. Indexation affects the sleepers and pensioners and possibly the active members. The best interests of all the people involved should be considered in the decision-making.
In principle, an insurer cannot adjust the controls in the interim: an insurer must comply with the conditions in the contract. An insurance contract is agreed for a number of years.

If the insurance contract expires of the legislation changes, the conditions can be adjusted again.

If you think I might be able to help you or your business
Gerrit-Jan Doorneweerd, registered Pension Advisor,
Amsterdam, +31 (0)20 6200825
Mobile, 0651 471 9 – six – five. (Also in the evening or weekend)
Please give me a call

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English, pension-netherlands

Extracts from Insurance Claim forms

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English, pension-advice

Fat pension cats

Dutch minister of finance Wouter Bos has withdrawn a measure that broke with the so reverse-rule (‘omkeerregeling’) which had been designed to limit tax benefits on pension contributions, but final pay pensions of above €500,000 will instead now be levied. A nine-hour debate was held in the Hague last week about fiscal measures against fat cat salaries and led Wouter Bos to withdraw his earlier regulation which saw the Dutch ‘omkeerregel’ stopped for pensions above €185,000.

The ‘omkeerregel’ was introduced as the Dutch fiscal treatment of pension accrual and was intended to allow pensions savings contributions to be tax-free up to a certain premium levels and conditions, while the benefits paid out are taxed. But ministers were unhappy with a proposal unveiled in September last year to impose a limit on controbutions, and announced in December 2007 they would reverse the plan ahead of its 1 January, 2009 implementation.
The second change unveiled by the minister now means final salary pensions of above €500,000 will now be levied with a 15% tax, to prevent highly-paid managers from holding untaxed money via their final pay pension plan. Pieter Omtzigt MP of the Dutch Christian Democrats told IPE his party supports both measures.
“Almost everybody in the Netherlands now has an average pay pension, so it is not very fair if the directors agree to a final salary pension and then inject it with a couple of million.” (source Ipe)

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English, pension-netherlands

Three types of income: the box system

For income tax purposes 3 types of taxable income are distinguished. These income types have been classified into 3 so-called boxes:

Box 1: taxable income from employment and home ownership;
Box 2: taxable income from a substantial interest;
Box 3: taxable income from savings and investments;

Box 1:

• Taxable income from employment and home ownership;
• Wages, pension payments, social benefits;
• Income from other activities;
• Company car;
• Profits from business activities;
• Owner-occupied property;
• Negative expenditure on income insurance;
• Negative personal allowance;
• Periodic benefits.

Deductible expenditure in Box 1:

• Employee’s allowance
• Deduction of mortgage interest and other deductible expenditure;
• Expenditure on income insurance: annuities and other premiums;
• Offsettable losses from employment and home ownership;

Tax rate in box 1:

• Progressive, with a maximum rate of 52%

Box 2: (meer…)

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English, pension-advice

Mortgage interest and other deductible expenditure

DedutableIf you took out a mortgage or other loan to fund the purchase, maintenance or improvement of an owner-occupied property the related interest and charges will qualify as deductible expenses of an owner-occupied property in Box 1. These expenses can be deducted over a maximum period of 30 years, which is the most common term of a mortgage. If you took out the loan before 1 January 2001, the 30-year period commences on 1 January 2001.

Consumer loan rule

If you sell your owner-occupied property and buy another property in 2007, this may affect the deductibility of the (mortgage) interest. This is because you have to take the surplus value of the property sold into account when calculating the amount of outstanding mortgage on the property – i.e., the amount of the principal sum on which the interest is tax deductible – in respect of the new property. (meer…)

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English, pension-netherlands

Act on Financial Supervision

The Act on Financial Supervision (Wet op het financieel toezicht (Wft)) has come into effect on 1 January 2007. The Wft brings together practically all the rules and conditions that apply to the financial markets and their supervision. In total, the Wft replaces eight existing supervision Acts. The extensive system of supervision of financial institutions that exists in the Netherlands (supervision of banks, insurers, collective investment schemes, etc.) will therefore soon be regulated by a single Act and subordinate regulations based on this Act.

The idea behind the Wft is that legislation for the financial markets should be targeted, market-oriented and clear. The tasks of the Dutch Central Bank (DNB) (prudential supervision) and those of the AFM (supervision of conduct of business) are to be separated in such a way that there is no overlap. (meer…)

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English, pension-advice

Provisional tax refund

2008 Provisional tax refund for non-resident taxpayers form now available.

If you pay taxes in the Netherlands it may be of importance to know that for cases like private pensionplans, disability insurances, interest on mortgages tax refund might be possible. Here you can apply for, confirm, change or cancel a provisional tax refund for 2008. If you have questions about these matters, please contact us and we will contact you as soon as possible.

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